Best answer: How do wetlands contribute to biodiversity?

Why are wetlands important for biodiversity?

Wetlands are highly productive and biologically diverse systems that enhance water quality, control erosion, maintain stream flows, sequester carbon, and provide a home to at least one third of all threatened and endangered species. Wetlands are important because they: improve water quality. provide wildlife habitat.

Are wetlands part of biodiversity?

Wetlands are vital for humans, for other ecosystems and for our climate, providing essential ecosystem services such as water regulation, including flood control and water purification. Wetland biodiversity matters for our health, our food supply, for tourism and for jobs. … Wetlands form an important part of nature.

How do wetlands contribute to the health of the environment?

Wetlands play a vital role in the health of the environment. In addition to supporting a variety of organisms, they also reduce water erosion by trapping sediments. Wetlands help clean water by absorbing nutrients that are added to the water supply through agriculture and industry.

How does biodiversity and sustainability work together?

The biodiversity of an ecosystem contributes to the sustainability of that ecosystem. Higher/more biodiversity = more sustainable. Lower/less biodiversity = less sustainable. … The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem.

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What is a wetland and why is it important?

Why are wetlands important? Wetlands associated with streams and rivers slow down floodwaters by acting as giant shallow pans. Water flowing into these pans loses speed and spreads out. Plants in the wetland play an important role in holding back the water.

What are 10 benefits of wetlands?

The ‘ecosystem services’ – the benefits people obtain from ecosystems – provided by wetlands include:

  • Flood control.
  • Groundwater replenishment.
  • Shoreline stabilization & storm protection.
  • Sediment & nutrient retention and export.
  • Water purification.
  • Reservoirs of biodiversity.
  • Wetland products.
  • Cultural values.

Why are wetlands economically important?

Wetlands contribute to the national and local economies by producing resources, enabling recreational activities and providing other benefits, such as pollution control and flood protection. … A wetland is a natural area that is often wet but may not be wet all year round.

What is the economic importance of wetlands in an ecosystem?

Wetlands filter and clean water, which decreases the costs of drinking water treatment, and they reduce the frequency and intensity of floods. They support the life cycle of 75% of the fish and shellfish commercially harvested in the U.S., and up to 90% of the recreational fish catch.