CERCLA stands for the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, known also as Superfund. It was passed in 1980 in response to some alarming and decidedly unacceptable hazardous waste practices and management going on in the 1970s.
What is hazardous waste under CERCLA?
Wastes that are regulated as listed and/or characteristic hazardous wastes under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). This includes thousands of hazardous wastes that are not specifically listed but that exhibit one or more of the characteristics of ignitability, reactivity, corrosivity or toxicity.
How did the CERCLA law aid in the proper disposal of hazardous waste?
CERCLA gives the federal government the power to tax chemical and petroleum companies found responsible for releasing hazardous waste into unregulated areas. The law enables federal authorities to directly respond to the dumping or spilling of dangerous substances that threaten the environment or human life.
What are RCRA and CERCLA why is each important for managing hazardous wastes?
When RCRA and Superfund, also known as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Act (CERCLA) are related, EPA coordinates the two cleanup programs to eliminate duplication of effort and streamline cleanup processes. EPA encourages close coordination among RCRA and Superfund cleanup programs.
What is CERCLA responsible for?
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act — otherwise known as CERCLA or Superfund — provides a Federal “Superfund” to clean up uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous-waste sites as well as accidents, spills, and other emergency releases of pollutants and contaminants into the environment …
Why did the federal government pass CERCLA?
Congress passed the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or commonly known as Superfund) in response to a growing national concern about the release of hazardous substances from abandoned waste sites.
What gave rise to CERCLA?
Love Canal, an original impetus for CERCLA, was removed from the NPL in September 2004. SARA added Section 120 to CERCLA and required federal agencies to comply with the law in the same manner as non-governmental entities.
What is CERCLA and how does it impact the safety profession?
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA). Provides a “Superfund” to cleanup uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous waste sites, accidents, spills and other emergency releases of pollutants or contaminants into the environment.
Is the CERCLA Act effective?
Over the past three decades, CERCLA has successfully cleaned and restored close to 400 contaminated sites once listed on its national priorities list (NPL), including the infamous Love Canal site.
What is the CERCLA process?
The CERCLA process is a multi-step cleanup process that begins with site discovery or notification to EPA of possible releases of hazardous substances. Sites are discovered by various parties, including citizens, State agencies, and EPA Regional offices. Some sites may be cleaned up under other authorities.
The Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA), passed on October 17, 1986, amends the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA, or Superfund), which the U.S. Congress passed in 1980 to help solve the problems of hazardous-waste sites.