Best answer: Why is an ecosystem’s overall health dependent on biodiversity?

How does human health depend on biodiversity?

Biodiversity supports human and societal needs, including food and nutrition security, energy, development of medicines and pharmaceuticals and freshwater, which together underpin good health. It also supports economic opportunities, and leisure activities that contribute to overall wellbeing.

Why biodiversity is important to maintain an ecosystem’s health and sustainability?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, has an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. … Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.

Why is high biodiversity advantageous over low biodiversity?

The higher the biodiversity of an ecosystem, the more sustainable it is. Conversely, lower biodiversity equals less sustainability. The biodiversity of an ecosystem contributes to the sustainability of that ecosystem. Higher/more biodiversity = more sustainable.

What factor represents an ecosystem’s biodiversity?

Several factors contribute to species diversity, including habitat diversity, competition among species, and genetic diversity. Genetic diversity within a species not only is necessary to maintain diversity among species,6 but also contributes to the diversity of food, fiber, and medicines available from nature.

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What are the benefits that humans receive from the ecosystem called?

Ecosystem services are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems: provisioning services (also known as goods) such as food and water; regulating services such as flood, pest, and disease control; cultural services such as spiritual and recreational benefits; and supporting services, such as nutrient cycling, that …

What is the role of a keystone species?

A keystone species is an organism that helps define an entire ecosystem. Without its keystone species, the ecosystem would be dramatically different or cease to exist altogether. … The ecosystem would be forced to radically change, allowing new and possibly invasive species to populate the habitat.

Which of the following makes a species more vulnerable to human mediated extinction?

_______________ ecology uses the principles of ecology to bring degraded habitats back to as close to their original natural state as possible. Which of the following makes a species more vulnerable to human-mediated extinction? The species has a limited geographical range.

Why do we need to sustain our environment?

Healthy ecosystems clean our water, purify our air, maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients and provide us with food. They provide raw materials and resources for medicines and other purposes. They are at the foundation of all civilisation and sustain our economies.

What is advantage of high biodiversity in maintaining the stability of the ecosystem?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

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Why is sustainable biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is essential for sustainable development and human well-being. It underpins the provision of food, fibre and water; it mitigates and provides resilience to climate change; it supports human health, and provides jobs in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and many other sectors.