What does it mean to have an ecological deficit or reserve?
An ecological deficit occurs when the Footprint of a population exceeds the biocapacity of the area available to that population. Conversely, an ecological reserve exists when the biocapacity of a region exceeds its population’s Footprint.
Why does Canada have an ecological reserve?
Ecological Reserves in Canada
Ecological reserves, like wildlife preserves or bird sanctuaries, are established to protect a natural feature by minimizing human activity. … Although game species may receive protection within the reserve, the selected sites were based mainly on non-game features.
Why do countries have ecological reserves?
The demand side measures the ecological assets a population needs to produce the natural resources it consumes and to absorb its carbon emissions and other waste. … If a given population’s biocapacity exceeds its ecological footprint, it has an ecological reserve.
What is an ecological overshoot meaning?
Ecological overshoot occurs when human demand exceeds the regenerative capacity of a natural ecosystem. Global overshoot occurs when humanity demands more than what the biosphere can renew. In other words, humanity’s Ecological Footprint exceeds what the planet can regenerate.
What does it mean if a country is an ecological debtor?
Ecological Debtor: A country with an Ecological Footprint of consumption that exceeds their biocapacity, calculated by the ratio of Ecological Footprint of consumption to biocapacity for that country.
Why is Canada Ecological Footprint so high?
“More than half of Canada’s total footprint is a result of its carbon footprint, derived predominately from fossil fuel use,” said the report, which the WWF releases every two years.