Frequent question: What drives the Earth’s climate system?

What two things drive the Earth’s climate system?

Part of Hall of Planet Earth. Energy from the Sun drives climate by heating Earth’s surface unevenly. Ice also reflects incoming sunlight, cooling the poles even more. The temperature difference sets the ocean and atmosphere in motion as they work together to distribute heat around the planet.

What are the main drivers of climate?

Greenhouse gases

The main driver of climate change is the greenhouse effect. Some gases in the Earth’s atmosphere act a bit like the glass in a greenhouse, trapping the sun’s heat and stopping it from leaking back into space and causing global warming.

What is the primary driver of Earth’s climate?

Solar radiation is a primary driver of climate. Earth system science is the study of how scientific data stemming from various fields of research, such as the atmosphere, oceans, land ice and others, fit together to form the current picture of our planet as a whole, including its changing climate.

What controls the climate and weather on the earth?

Water vapor and clouds are the major contributors to Earth’s greenhouse effect, but a new atmosphere-ocean climate modeling study shows that the planet’s temperature ultimately depends on the atmospheric level of carbon dioxide.

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What are the three main processes that control Earth’s climate?

> The Earth’s climate is influenced by many factors, including solar radiation, wind, and ocean currents. Researchers try to integrate all of these influencing variables into their models. Many of the processes involved are now well understood.

How do climates and the controls of climate variability vary between the tropics and the middle and high latitudes?

How do climates and the controls of climate variability vary between the tropics and the middle and high latitudes? … tropical latitudes are typically warmer than middle and high latitudes and have precipitation controlled by the Intertropical Convergence Zone.

What is the driving force for weather patterns?

Most of Earth’s water is stored in the ocean – a driving force for weather and climate. The Earth’s surface is warmed unevenly by the sun. Heat, a form of energy, helps drive ocean and atmospheric circulation. The ocean absorbs and stores more heat than the atmosphere.