Why is biodiversity important for the agriculture?
Biodiversity is the origin of all species of crops and domesticated livestock and the variety within them. … Maintenance of this biodiversity is essential for the sustainable production of food and other agricultural products and the benefits these provide to humanity, including food security, nutrition and livelihoods.
Agriculture is the largest contributor to biodiversity loss with expanding impacts due to changing consumption patterns and growing populations. Agriculture destroys biodiversity by converting natural habitats to intensely managed systems and by releasing pollutants, including greenhouses gases.
Does increased biodiversity increase food production?
Biodiversity is essential to food and agriculture
Biodiversity makes production systems and livelihoods more resilient to shocks and stresses, including those caused by climate change. It is a key resource in efforts to increase food production while limiting negative impacts on the environment.
Why is biodiversity important to sustainability in farming?
Conservation and maintenance of biodiversity are important for four reasons. … Economics: Biodiversity provides us with great economic returns, for example the provision of food and fibre, medicines, control of pest organisms, building materials and crop pollination.
What are the benefits to agriculture of maintaining plant biodiversity?
Increasing biodiversity, particularly wildlife populations, can benefit farmers by improving agricultural productivity potential. Biodiversity is important for the regulation of ecosystem processes and delivery of ecosystem services.
How does agriculture cause biodiversity reduction?
The loss of floristic diversity and food resources that result from herbicide applications can reduce populations of pollinators and natural enemies of crop pests. In aquatic ecosystems, insecticides and fungicides often induce algae blooms as the chemicals reduce grazing by zooplankton and benthic herbivores.
What are the disadvantages associated with lack of biodiversity in agricultural production?
Economic scarcities among common food crops may be more noticeable than biodiversity losses of ecosystems and landscapes far from global markets. … This lack of biodiversity among crops threatens food security, because varieties may be vulnerable to disease and pests, invasive species, and climate change.
How does biodiversity loss affect plants?
Declining biodiversity lowers an ecosystem’s productivity (the amount of food energy that is converted into the biomass) and lowers the quality of the ecosystem’s services (which often include maintaining the soil, purifying water that runs through it, and supplying food and shade, etc.).
Why is biodiversity important to you in terms of health and agriculture?
Biodiversity plays a crucial role in human nutrition through its influence on world food production, as it ensures the sustainable productivity of soils and provides the genetic resources for all crops, livestock, and marine species harvested for food.
How does biodiversity affect ecosystem services?
Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.