How does the Humboldt Current affect the climate of the South American coast answer?

Tropical wet

How does the Peru Current affect climate of South America?

The Peruvian Current affects Peru year round, and moderates the climate of Chile in spring and summer, when it displaces a subtropical center of high pressure. Ordinarily the coast of Chile would warm in spring and summer, but the onset of the Peruvian Current diminishes temperatures and forestalls any rain.

How does the Humboldt Current affect the coastal ecosystem of Peru?

THE HUMBOLDT CURRENT, also known as the Peru Current, is an ocean current that flows along the western coast of South America, affecting the water and air temperatures of coastal CHILE and PERU. … The Humboldt Current creates one of the largest and most productive marine ecosystems in the world.

What is the relevance of Humboldt Current for the lives of various species in the ocean?

It is one of the major nutrient systems of the world, bringing nutrients up into the surface waters of the ocean. This supports an extraordinary abundance of marine life. … About 18-20% of the world’s fish catch comes from the Humboldt Current. The species are mostly pelagic: sardines, anchovies and jack mackerel.

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How does Humboldt Current affect the climate of the nearby countries?

The Humboldt/Peru Current

The current has an impacting cooling influence in the climates of the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador and Peru. It is also responsible for the dryness of the costal areas of these three countries since the current cools the marine air which, in turn, causes little or no precipitation.

How does the Humboldt Current affect life in the Galapagos?

The impact of the Humboldt Current on seasons in Galapagos

This means less sea water evaporates from the surface; so fewer clouds are formed; decreasing the amount of rain that falls and making this the ‘dry season’.

How do ocean currents affect climate in Alaska?

Wind moving across the Alaska Current picks up not only the current’s warm temperatures but a great deal of moisture as well. As the winds strike the mountains, the air is forced to rise. The resulting expansion and cooling delivers to the mountains much rain and snow.

How does the California Current affect climate?

But the California Current has a big effect on the climate of the West Coast of the United States. Summer temperatures differ less from winter temperatures along the West Coast than they do inland. Usually, the climate along the West Coast is cooler than the climate of inland areas at the same latitude and elevation.

How fast is the Humboldt Current?

About 20 percent of the world’s catches are extracted from the Humboldt Current. The surfacing of cold water and its equatorward flow (at an average speed of 10 knots [11.5 miles, 18.5 kilometers) per hour is caused by wind shear against the coast.

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Which coast of southern Africa has colder water off the coast?

The coldest waters of the current run right along the coast of Africa, with very little seasonal variation except in the extreme south near Cape Town, South Africa, where the water is colder in the summer than it is in the winter.