What is the ecosystem of Nepal?
The latest physiographic data indicates that Nepal harbours 29% forest area, 10.6% shrubland and degraded forest, 12% grassland, 21% farmland, 2.6% water body, and 7% of uncultivated inclusions. The country is part of a biodiversity hotspot and lies at a transition zone comprised of six floristic regions.
What is the rank of Nepal in richness of biodiversity in world?
Some studies have ranked Nepal 25th in the world in terms of biodiversity wealth. With 30,164 known species—17,097 animals and 13,067 plant species, pressure has been growing on Nepal’s biodiversity. Due to its unique topography, Nepal has 18 different ecosystems, where a wide variety of flora and fauna is present.
What is the main reason for ecological diversity in Nepal?
Nepal’s unique geography with its dramatic changes in elevation along the relatively short north- south span and the associated high variability in eco-climatic conditions has resulted in a uniquely rich diversity of flora and fauna in the country.
Which ecosystem are not found in Nepal?
Desert ecosystem is not found in Nepal.
What is in the ecosystem?
An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscape, work together to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts. … Abiotic factors include rocks, temperature, and humidity.
What is biodiversity is Nepal rich in biodiversity?
It is recorded that Nepal has a total of 118 types of ecosystem, 75 types of vegetation and 35 types of forests. There are different animals and plants found only in Nepal. And different animals and plants are found according to ecological region. So, Nepal is rich in biodiversity.
How many ecosystem are found in Terai region of Nepal?
The low-lying southern plains, or the Tarai region, uniquely feature Terai-Duar Savannas and grasslands of WWF’s Global 200 ecoregions, three Ramsar sites and World Heritage sites. The Tarai region is both an economically and ecologically important region.
Why mountain region is rich in biodiversity?
Biodiversity is high in mountain regions because of their wide range of habitats, varied micro-climates, and ecological conditions. These factors have resulted in a high degree of genetic diversity in terms of crop and livestock species and their wild relatives.
Which ecosystem is richest in biodiversity?
Amazonia represents the quintessence of biodiversity – the richest ecosystem on earth. Yet a study by Smithsonian scientists, published this week in the journal Science, shows that differences in species composition of tropical forests are greater over distance in Panama than in Amazonia.
Which country is richest in biodiversity?
5 of the Most Biodiverse Countries in the World
- Brazil. Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home. …
- China. …
- Peru. …
- Mexico. …
Which country is rich in wildlife?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.