Which land ecosystem has the most biodiversity?
Worldwide, the tropics contain the most biodiversity, with rainforests being the areas that are the most rich in species. Although the tropical forests only cover 6% of the Earth’s surface, they contain one half to three quarters of the world’s plant and animal species.
What is the highest level of biodiversity?
Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.
What are the 3 main levels of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
Which of the following habitat has the most biodiversity?
Answer: Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
What is a ecosystem diversity?
Ecosystem Diversity can be defined as the variety of different habitats, communities and ecological processes. A biological community is defined by the species that occupy a particular area and the interactions between those species.
What are some examples of species diversity?
So, some examples may include the presence of four or five different species of tree in a woodland forest, or perhaps 100 different species of fish, crustaceans and coral in a certain reef.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.