How do elevation and latitude affect climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.
How does water proximity affect climate?
“A large body of water has a higher heat capacity than land, meaning it takes more energy to warm and cool the temperature of water. Therefore, cities close to water tend to have a narrower range of temperatures throughout the year.
How does latitude affect climate factors that affect climate?
How does latitude affect climate? Places with latitudes closer to the Equator have hotter climates. Places with latitudes closer to the Poles have colder climates. … Warm currents flow towards the poles, cool, and flow back to the Equator to be warmed again.
How elevation affect the climate of an area?
As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands), and the temperature decreases. If the humidity is at 100 percent (because it’s snowing), the temperature decreases more slowly with height.”
What is one factor that affects climate?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents.
How does proximity to oceans affect temperatures and rainfall amounts?
Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds. … Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.
What effect does elevation have on climate quizlet?
How does elevation affect climate? The higher the elevation, the colder the air and therefore, the colder the climate.
How does latitude and altitude affect climate quizlet?
The lower the latitude, the warmer the temperatures. As latitude increases, temperature decreases. … As altitude increases, temperature decreases.
How does the latitude affect climate in the polar regions?
The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. The maximum annual temperature of the Earth, showing a roughly gradual temperature gradient from the low to the high latitudes. … The polar regions receive the least solar radiation.