What is solid waste water pollution?
Solid waste impacts water quality through the release of leachate from landfills into water sources. As water comes in contact with decomposing solid waste, it will dissolve together with soluble inorganic and organic wastes producing polluted liquid known as leachate or waste juice.
What is example of solid waste?
Solid waste includes garbage, construction debris, commercial refuse, sludge from water supply or waste treatment plants, or air pollution control facilities, and other discarded materials. Solid waste can come from industrial, commercial, mining, or agricultural operations, and from household and community activities.
What is solid waste liquid waste?
Solid and Liquid waste management includes segregating the waste right at source, safe transportation from the source to recycling or disposal sites for further processing. Waste that is completely decomposed through biological process in the presence or absence of air is called biodegradable (example cattle waste).
How does solid waste pollute water?
When precipitation, surface runoff, or a high groundwater table infiltrates into a landfill or dump, leachate is created. Water percolating through the wastes causes chemical compounds to be dissolved or suspended in the leachate.
What is solid waste and its effects?
Solid waste pollution is caused mainly through urbanization and through industrial waste. It causes various diseases in human as bacillary dysentery, diarrhea and amoebic dysentery, plague, salmonellosis, trichinosis, endemic typhus, cholera, jaundice, hepatitis, gastro enteric diseases etc.
What are the kind of solid waste?
Types of Solid Wastes
- Household Hazardous Waste (HHW)
- Construction and Demolition Debris.
- Industrial/Commercial Waste.
- Hazardous Waste Lamps.
- Regulated Medical Waste.
- Used Electronic Equipment.
- Used Oil.
- Waste Tires.
What are the 3 types of solid waste?
Organic waste: kitchen waste, vegetables, flowers, leaves, fruits. Toxic waste: old medicines, paints, chemicals, bulbs, spray cans, fertilizer and pesticide containers, batteries, shoe polish. Recyclable: paper, glass, metals, plastics. Soiled: hospital waste such as cloth soiled with blood and other body fluids.
What is solid waste India?
Municipal solid waste includes garbage (highly decomposable objects, such as food), trash (bulky items, such as tree branches or old appliances), and rubbish (slowly decomposable items, such as paper, glass, or metal objects). [ 11] Commonly, solid waste includes trash or garbage consisting everyday items.
Which is a major solid waste polluting water?
Water pollution has many sources. The most polluting of them are the city sewage and industrial waste discharged into the rivers. Industrial waste is defined as waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes.
What are the effects of solid waste on the environment?
An inefficient municipal solid waste management system may create serious negative environmental impacts like infectious diseases, land and water pollution, obstruction of drains and loss of biodiversity.
How can we solve the solid waste problem?
- Use both sides of paper. …
- Wash plastic containers and jars and reuse.
- Buy things in plastic or glass containers that can be reused.
- Reuse boxes.
- Use reusable containers for food instead of disposable boxes, plastic wrap, foil, or sandwich bags.
- Reuse plastic bags.