What is the status of species biodiversity of Nepal?
Species diversity, particularly beta diversity, is very high in Nepal. The country occupies about 0.1 percent of global area, but harbors 3.2 percent and 1.1 percent of the world’s known flora and fauna, respectively. Diversity of birds, bryophytes, mammals, and butterflies is especially high.
What is the status of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is declining rapidly due to land use change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution. These result from demographic, economic, sociopolitical, cultural, technological, and other indirect drivers.
What is the position of Nepal in the richness of biodiversity?
Nepal ranked 25th and 11th positions in terms of richness in biodiversity in the world and Asia, respectively. The country is also home to as many as 118 ecosystems and 35 forest types. They are based on altitudinal, climatic, and vegetation types.
What is natural diversity of Nepal?
Nepal covers 0.1% of the earth’s total land surface and is home to: 35 types of forest. 3,808 glaciers and 1,466 glacial lakes. 9.3% of the world’s bird species.
What is the status of biodiversity in India?
India is the world’s 8th most biodiverse region with a 0.46 BioD score on diversity index, 102,718 species of fauna and 23.39% of the nation’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in 2020.
What is the status of Philippine biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
What is total biodiversity now a days?
Estimates on the number of Earth’s current species range from 10 million to 14 million, of which about 1.2 million have been documented and over 86 percent have not yet been described.
Why is Nepal considered rich in biodiversity?
Answer: Nepal is rich in biodiversity because of its unique physical features, thus we find many types of flora and fauna here. But unfortunately people have polluted and destroyed the habitat of these organisms and due to that everyday one or the other species of certain animals/plants is becoming extinct.
What is biodiversity is Nepal rich in biodiversity?
It is recorded that Nepal has a total of 118 types of ecosystem, 75 types of vegetation and 35 types of forests. There are different animals and plants found only in Nepal. And different animals and plants are found according to ecological region. So, Nepal is rich in biodiversity.
Which type of ecosystem is not found in Nepal?
Ecosystem of sea and desert is not available in Nepal. Trees like pine, fir, deodar, bhojpatra, talispatra, rhododendren, gobre salla, thingre salla, etc are found. Trees like sal, simal, sissau, oak, khayer, bamboo, katus, chilaune, etc are found.
Which is the richest country in biodiversity?
Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home.
Which is most important for bio diversity conservation in Nepal?
following the 4th amendment of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act (1993), the Government of Nepal has been providing 30-50% of the annual revenue generated from the protected area to the local communities for the sake of biodiversity conservation, community development, livelihood improvement and conservation …