Why sea has moderate climate?
Coastal areas have moderate temperature because the land absorbs and radiates heat much faster than sea. So, during the day cool air from sea rush towards the land and during night cool air from the land rush towards sea. … These breezes make the climate near the sea shore moderate.
Why do coastal areas have more moderate temperatures?
Large bodies of water, such as oceans, seas and large lakes, can affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than landmasses. Therefore, the coastal regions will stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter, thus creating a more moderate climate with a narrower temperature range.
What is considered a moderate climate?
Temperate climates are generally defined as environments with moderate rainfall spread across the year or portion of the year with sporadic drought, mild to warm summers and cool to cold winters (Simmons, 2015).
How does this moderate the temperature of such a place?
If you add heat to an environment near a large body of water, some of the added heat will go to evaporating water. This will keep the temperature lower than it otherwise would be. Or if you pull heat out, water vapor will condense and dump heat into the air, keeping the temperature higher than it otherwise would be.
Why do you think coastal areas have moderate climate with no chilling winters and no high temperature in summers?
Distance from the sea
The sea has a moderating influence on the region close to it. Compared to land, water takes longer to heat and cool. Thus, oceans heat up and cool down slower than the land around them. Cool sea breeze keeps the coastal areas cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places far away from the sea.
How does the ocean moderate the climate of downwind coastal areas?
The ocean has a moderate influence on the climate of downwind coastal areas because it helps keep the temperatures more moderate and predictable. … Furthermore, the ocean water has a high specific heat and thus, on average, absorbs more heat. This also helps keep temperature moderate instead of reaching extreme highs.
Why are ocean currents important to coastal regions?
Warm ocean currents heat the air above the water and carry the warm air to the land, increasing the temperature of the coastal region. … Along the east coast, the Gulf Stream brings warm air toward the coast, which helps maintain warmer temperatures along the coast.
What causes temperate climate?
Summers are influenced exclusively by tropical air masses, especially maritime tropical air masses and less often by continental tropical air masses. In winter, temperate climates are influenced by polar and tropical air masses, but the polar air masses are usually moderated by the time they reach these latitudes.
How the climate of a place is affected by its elevation from the sea level?
Temperature decreases with increasing height above sea level. This makes the higher areas to have lower temperatures than the lower areas. A rise in altitude causes a fall in temperature and a cooling effect which causes condensation.