What are 3 environmental factors that affect prenatal development?
Other teratogens that affect prenatal development include radiation, pollution, and infectious disease. Radiation increases the risk of childhood cancer, as well as emotional and behavioral disorders; because of this, it is recommended that pregnant women avoid x-rays unless absolutely necessary.
What factors can impact fetal development?
Genetic, nutritional, environmental, uteroplacental, and fetal factors have been suggested to influence fetal growth. Uteroplacental and umbilical blood flow and transplacental glucose and fetal insulin are major determinants of fetal growth.
What is an example of an environmental influence during the prenatal stage?
Environmental influences ranging from radioactivity and stress in the outside world to drugs, chemicals, hormones, and viruses in the mother’s bloodstream can affect prenatal development. Such threats affect the health of the fetus in several ways.
What are four environmental hazards that can affect a fetus?
These chemicals include commonly known hazards such as lead, mercury, and environmental tobacco smoke, as well as some pesticides, solvents, products containing chlorine, and other chemicals referred to as “persistent organic pollutants.” The fetus is particularly vulnerable to environmental chemicals that can disrupt …
What factors can affect the development & health of a baby before birth?
Prenatal risk factors include chronic maternal illness, certain maternal infections, toxin exposures and nutritional deficiencies. Risk factors in the perinatal period include pregnancy-related complications, prematurity and low birth weight, and infection exposure during pregnancy or at time of birth.
How does smoking affect fetal development?
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of health problems for developing babies, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and birth defects of the mouth and lip. Smoking during and after pregnancy also increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
What are some environmental factors that influence development?
Over the past 100 years, the study of environmental influences on human physical growth and development has focused on the influences of social and economic factors; family and household characteristics; urbanization/modernization; nutrition; and features of the physical environment such as altitude, temperature and …
When do environmental influences on development begin?
The environment can have an important influence on development, and this also includes the prenatal period. The growth that happens during the nine months of prenatal development is nothing short of astonishing, but this period is also a time of potential vulnerability.
Which environmental hazards can result in fetal abnormalities?
- 2.1 Alcohol.
- 2.2 Tobacco smoke.
- 2.3 Mercury.
- 2.4 Lead.
- 2.5 Dioxin.
- 2.6 Air pollution.
- 2.7 Pesticides.
- 2.8 Benzenes.
What environmental influences can affect prenatal development quizlet?
-Important environmental influences involving the mother include nutrition, physical activity, smoking, intake of alcohol or other drugs, maternal illness, maternal stress, maternal age, and external environmental hazards, such as chemicals and radiation.
What are the effects of environmental hazards during pregnancy?
Exposure to these hazards during pregnancy may cause negative health effects for the mother and baby. The negative health effects that may be caused by exposure to these hazards include: miscarriage, still birth, delayed fetal growth, birth defects and increased risk for certain illnesses in the baby.