Why does Madagascar have high biodiversity?
Because of Madagascar’s geographic isolation, many groups of plants and animals are entirely absent from the island. … Their descendants underwent dwarfing and evolved into species unique to the island. This distinctive biodiversity is a result of Madagascar’s geographic isolation.
Is Madagascar astonishing biodiversity?
It is estimated that 85 percent of the island’s 12,000 species of flowering plants are found nowhere else in the world. This unique biodiversity has led to the recognition of Madagascar, which is roughly twice the size of Arizona, as a “living laboratory” and the “seventh continent” (Jolly et al.
Why is saving biodiversity on Madagascar so important?
Saving the biodiversity on Madagascar is important because the forests are financially and culturally important to the people of Madagascar, they…
What type of ecosystem is Madagascar?
On Madagascar, the easter escarpment and eastern lowlands have a tropical rainforest ecosystem. On the other hand, dry deciduous forests line the western coast of the island. The transition zone between the rainforests and deciduous forests (the ecotone) has many of its own endemic species.
What ecosystem services does Madagascar provide?
2.1 Identify key ecosystem services
The complete list of ES relevant in Madagascar include provisioning services related to food, fresh water, and energy; regulating services such as climate mitigation and regulation of flooding; and cultural services including nature tourism and spiritual values.
What is the geographical problem of Madagascar?
Madagascar’s major environmental problems include: Deforestation and habitat destruction; Agricultural fires; Erosion and soil degradation; Over exploitation of living resources including hunting and over-collection of species from the wild; Introduction of alien species.
How has ecotourism helped Madagascar?
Ecotourism can help protect natural environments by supporting conservation and providing financial benefits to local communities. Madagascar is one of the world’s financially poorest countries. So, by improving the country’s economy, ecotourism can help Malagasy people thrive in coexistence with nature.
What is the main problem Madagascar is facing that places the lemurs in jeopardy?
Over 80 per cent is endemic, found nowhere else in the world, including lemurs, one of the world’s most endangered creatures. With almost all of Madagascar’s lemur species facing extinction, and deforestation a major issue, what do the scientists and conservationists on the ground really think?