It grows best in well-drained, fertile loams or light, clay soils in areas having cool, dry, mild winters. It also does well on light, droughty soils and tolerates somewhat alkaline soils better than other cereal crops. With many varieties of barley to choose from, be sure to select a regionally adapted one.
What are the climatic requirements of barley?
Barley is a drought resistant crop and requires 390 to 430 mm of rainfall for optimum yield. Maximum water use will occur for 21 to 28 days. Barley can be grown on a wide range of soil types; ranging from heavy clays to light or sandy loam soils. It grows well on fertile, deep loam soils with a pH of 6 to 7, 5.
What temperature does barley grow best in?
The minimum temperature for barley germination is 34 to 36 degrees Fahrenheit (1 to 2 degrees Celsius). After the seed takes up moisture, the primary root (radicle) emerges. The radicle grows downward, providing anchorage and absorbing water and nutrients, and eventually develops lateral branches.
In which season the barley is grown?
Generally, Barley is cultivated as a rabi season crop in India and sowing being undertaken from Oct to Dec & harvesting from Mar to May.
Where does barley grow in India?
In India, Barley is one of the most widely cultivated cereal crops. The major producing states are Rajasthan, U.P., Haryana and Punjab. Rajasthan amounts for about 40-50% and U.P. for 25-30% of total production.
How much rainfall is required for barley?
It can be grown in a wide range of chmatic conditions but it prefers mild cool and comparatively dry climate with 20°-25°C temperature and 40-50 cm rainfall. It grows well on loamy soils. ADVERTISEMENTS: It is a rabi crop, which is sown between September and November and is harvested between Feb.
Can barley be grown in summer?
Barley is very versatile in its planting time and can be planted relatively early in the season. Preferred planting times are from late April to June but this will vary for each region depending on frosts and seasonal effects.
How is barley grown?
Grow barley as you would wheat. Some varieties are spring planted and some are fall planted. Barley ripens sooner than wheat; spring-planted barley ripens in 60 to 70 days, fall-planted barley about 60 days after spring growth begins. Barley thus fits well into a double-cropping scheme and a variety of crop rotations.
What is the growth habit of barley?
According to growth habit, barley genotypes are generally classified into three different types: winter, spring and facultative genotypes. Growth habit is controlled mainly by allelic variation at the vernalization genes, Vrn-H1, Vrn-H2 and Vrn-H3 (von Zitzewitz et al., 2005; Saisho et al., 2011).
Where does barley grow?
Most of the world’s barley is produced in Russia, followed by Germany, France and Ukraine. Australia, Canada, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States of America complete the top 10.
What type of crop is barley?
barley, (Hordeum vulgare), cereal plant of the grass family Poaceae and its edible grain. Grown in a variety of environments, barley is the fourth largest grain crop globally, after wheat, rice, and corn.
How many days crop is a barley?
The cultivated barley is an annual grass and grown as a rabi crop in Indian plains with a crop duration of 130-150 days.
What is barley called in India?
Definition: Barley is primarily a cereal grain popularly known as jau in India. It is the fourth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat and maize. It’s converted into malt to use for various food preparations.