What is the present status of biodiversity in Assam?

In faunal diversity, Assam has 193 species of mammals including 10 species of primates, more than 820 species and subspecies of birds, 185 species of fish, 405 species of butterflies, 115 species of reptiles, 46 species of amphibians and 39 species of snails. About 37.2% of State’s area is under green cover.

How many biodiversity are there in Assam?


Flora No. of Species (Including infraspecific taxa)
Plants of different Conservational Status 871
Endemic 167
Critically Endangered/Endangered/Vulnerable 318
Rare for Assam 386

Is Assam part of biodiversity hotspot?

The biodiversity of Assam, a state in North-East India, makes it a biological hotspot with many rare and endemic plant and animal species.

What is biodiversity hotspot in Assam?

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the State of Assam in North-East India, a biodiversity hotspot, covering an area of 39,100 hectares. In the north it is bounded by the forests of Bhutan. The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is part of the core zone of the 283,700 hectares.

What is the status of biodiversity in India?

India is the world’s 8th most biodiverse region with a 0.46 BioD score on diversity index, 102,718 species of fauna and 23.39% of the nation’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in 2020.

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What is diversity of Assam?

Assam is the meeting ground of diverse cultures. The people of the enchanting state of Assam are an intermixture of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan. The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races evolved through a long assimilative process.

What is the ecosystem of Assam?

The climatic condition and topography of Assam have helped it earn the ‘biodiversity hotspot’ tag. It boasts diverse forests, grasslands and wetlands that sustain a wide variety of floral and faunal species. With forest coverage of about 35.8%, the state now has seven national parks and 17 wildlife sanctuaries.

Why Assam is rich in biodiversity?

Assam is one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world. This is because Assam falls in the transitional zone of Indian, Indo- Malayan and Indo-Chinese bio-geographical regions and possesses a special geomorphic environment with large plains and dissected hills.

Which is found in Assam?

The state was the first site for oil drilling in Asia. Assam is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant.


Religion Population
Total 31,205,576

Which fauna is found only in Assam?

Which of the following fauna is found only in Assam state of India? The pygmy hog is a critically endangered suid, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan, but now only found in Assam.It is listed under critically endangered species with world population of 150 individuals.

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How many hotspots are there in Assam?

Top hotspots

Rank Region Species
12 Manas NP–Banasbari Lodge 330
13 Orang National Park 324
14 Kaziranga NP & Surroundings–Central Bagori Range 321
15 Dibru-Saikhowa NP 320

What is vegetation of Assam?

The vegetation of Assam is primarily of tropical type covering areas of evergreen, semi-evergreen, grasslands, deciduous forests, grasslands and riverside forests.

What is the Manas sanctuary in Assam known?

The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog. … Manas is famous for its population of the Wild water buffalo.