More than 60% of the world population relies almost entirely on the plant medicine for primary health care. About 119 pure chemicals are extracted from less than 90 species of higher plants and used as medicines throughout the world, for example, caffeine, methyl salicylate and quinine.
Does biodiversity produce medicine?
Human Health and Biodiversity. Maintaining biodiversity ultimately helps maintain of human health; many medicines are derived from plants and, recently, animal toxins.
What are the branches of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms. It occurs within a species as well as between species.
Which country supports almost 10% of biodiversity on Earth?
South Africa. One of the most diverse countries in the world. It contains nearly 10% of all known species of birds, fish and plants registered in the world and 6% of mammal and reptile species.
In which of the following environments would you expect to have the most biodiversity?
Worldwide, the tropics contain the most biodiversity, with rainforests being the areas that are the most rich in species.
Which place provides highest medicine?
- Germany: US$62.3 billion (16.8% of total drugs and medicines exports)
- Switzerland: ???
- Belgium: $27.8 billion (7.5%)
- India: $26.12 billion (7.1%)
- France: $25.9 billion (7%)
- United States: $22 billion (5.9%)
- Spain: $21.8 billion (5.8%)
- Ireland: $21.7 billion (5.8%)
How does biodiversity provide us with medicine?
In addition to the role biodiversity plays in helping people recover from illness, it also makes a significant contribution in preventing disease and illness, since well-functioning ecosystems can help protect human health.
What percentage of the total 5% biodiversity of the earth is found in India?
India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.
What is biodiversity class 8?
Biodiversity or Biological diversity: It refers to the variety or organisms existing on the earth. Their interrelationships and their relationship with the environment. It includes variety of plants, animals and microorganisms. Flora and Fauna: The plants found in a particular area are termed as flora area.
Which country hosts more than 5% of the world’s biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What are the 12 mega biodiversity countries?
Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.
Which of the following country has highest biodiversity?
Brazil is the only country with highest biodiversity. Biodiversity accounts one-tenth of the world’s overall species.