What is the role of government in conserving biodiversity?
The Central Government has enacted the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. The Act, inter alia, provides for the creation of Protected Areas for the protection of wildlife and also provides for punishment for hunting of specified fauna specified in the schedules I to IV thereof.
Why is it important to protect and conserve biodiversity?
Biodiversity conservation protects plant, animal, microbial and genetic resources for food production, agriculture, and ecosystem functions such as fertilizing the soil, recycling nutrients, regulating pests and disease, controlling erosion, and pollinating crops and trees.
Why is it important to protect the biodiversity of a region?
Healthy ecosystems clean our water, purify our air, maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients and provide us with food. … Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations.
Why is it so important to preserve biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What steps are taken by the government to conserve our biodiversity?
“Some important steps taken by the Government for preservation of biodiversity and resources inter alia include: survey, inventorization, taxonomic validation and threat assessment of floral and faunal resources; assessment of the forest cover to develop an accurate database for planning and monitoring; establishment …
Why is environmental protection important?
Environmental protection is one of the basic prerequisites for the overall development of any country in the world. If economic growth and development are to be established, and there is no country in the world that does not want to do so, biodiversity must be contributed.
Why is biodiversity important to human biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services.
What is the importance of biodiversity in natural ecosystem?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
Why is sustainable biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is essential for sustainable development and human well-being. It underpins the provision of food, fibre and water; it mitigates and provides resilience to climate change; it supports human health, and provides jobs in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and many other sectors.
Why is it important to maintain biodiversity quizlet?
Biodiversity is important because it provides us with Natural Resources (Food, Water, Wood, etc.) … What are the most significant threats to biodiversity? Pollution, Habitat Fragmentation, Habitat loss, Overhunting/Harvesting, Exotic Species, Greenhouse effect.
Why is biodiversity important 5 Reasons?
Biodiversity Protects Us. Biodiversity makes the earth habitable. Biodiverse ecosystems provide nature-based solutions that buffer us from natural disasters such as floods and storms, filter our water and regenerate our soils. … Protecting and restoring natural ecosystems is vital to fighting climate change.